Q and A  

Q: What wood do you use for light, medium and dark?
A:  Since some wood will have both light and dark areas it is up to the intarsia artist to select your colors.  Keep in mind you want contrasting colorswood samplesand values.... if you keep to one color/species of wood your piece will turn out monotone and dull. This will make your piece pop. Highly figured and grained wood can add a lot to your piece as well. I strongly believe a good intarsia piece must have a variety of contrasting shades of wood ranging from white to black. Your choices will depend upon the color variance in each individual piece of wood. Try to get pieces of wood with several shades in it, then for example you can use a piece of sycamore with light and dark streaks for the light and medium light areas. There are many woods to choose from domestic to exotic. A good way to determine which woods will work best for your project is to group varnished wood samples together and see how the colors, values, and lights & darks work together. I paint one half of my samples with varnish and leave the other natural so I can see the true finished color. Lay out wood samples onto your pattern and step back and see how the colors stand up at a distance.... that is how you will be viewing the finished project.
Here is the legend I use in my patterns for the shades of wood and some suggested woods for each letter. See what is available in your area.
W-  White : Aspen,  Poplar, Holly, Basswood
L-  Light :  Aspen, Poplar, Maple, Elm, Ash, Pine, Sycamore, English Sycamore
ML- Medium Light: Maple, Ash, Beech, Birch, Cedar, Oak, Butternut, Sycamore
M - Medium: Cherry, Beech, Hickory, Oak, Cedar,
MD- Medium Dark: Cherry, Beech,
R- Reddish: Aromatic Red Cedar, Redwood, Bloodwood, Rosewood, Mahogany
Y- Yellow: Yellowheart / Satinwood, Yellow Pine
D- Dark: Black Walnut,  Very Dark pieces of Western red cedar, Rosewood
B- Black: Ebony, Wenge. Mostly just for eyes or you can burn or stain the eyes

Q: How do I use highly figured wood effectively?
A: Check your wood for interesting grain patterns and knots. Avoid using many pieces of wood in the same project that have a lot of light and dark variations, example: Zebra wood. Only use it for special attention areas.  If it is used in too many areas on one piece, it will just detract from your overall design by making your eye go straight to those parts and not to the entire piece. Sky and Water are great areas to use a spalted, burled or highly figured woods. Other great places to use this type of wood are ground areas and feathery or furry texture areas. Use the grain to your advantage, even if it means using only a small section of a larger board.

Q: Is staining an exceptionable practice for Intarsia?blue turkey head
A: There is some debate as to whether you should alter the wood with stains, ebonizing, dyes or paint. Some intarsia purists feel that you should never use stains or dyes. Although I prefer to use natural colored woods in most all of my intarsia art, sometimes an intarsia piece requires an area of an unavailable or impossible to find color. For example: The head of my turkey needed to be blue to really look like a turkey. I applied a light wash of blue acrylic paint on top of the bird's-eye maple to get the light blue color I needed.
You must think of the finished artwork; ask yourself, will using stains/paints enhance your piece?  After all, using white gel stain on white wood is widely accepted by many who don't believe in using stains or dyes. I fail to see any difference in using washes or dyes on your pieces, as long as you allow the beautiful wood grain to show though as much as possible. Using stains and washes allow you to use available woods without the expense of the exotic woods. Some woods can darken or lighten with age. If  I want to keep my Black Walnut very dark over time, I will use a Dark Walnut oil on it to preserve and enrich the lovely deep brown color.   I always use a white gel stain on my white pieces in order to keep the white wood from turning brown with age or yellow with varnish. I believe it is up to the individual intarsia artist to decide whether or not to use dyes, stains or paints.

Q: Can I have a custom pattern designed from one of my photos?
Yes, I do design custom patterns. I can create a special custom order pattern of a dog or other pet from your photo or from my own reference material. The cost of a custom pattern is $90. The $90 fee is non-refundable and covers the time it takes to produce the pattern. Kathy Wise Designs Inc. owns all copyrights to any custom patterns and may sell reproductions. There is an extra charge for patterns over 14 inches. For more information on custom pattern orders, please send an email at kathywise@bignet.net , write me at Kathy Wise Designs Inc. PO Box 60, Yale, MI 48097, or fax your request to Fax #: 810-387-9044

Q: Can I sell my projects that I make from your patterns?
As long as you are not mass producing the projects, you can sell them to friends, family and customers. If you are interested in producing them in a large amount for commercial sale, you must contact Kathy Wise kathywise@bignet.net to get legal permission. Otherwise it is a copyright infringement and may result in legal action. You may not have copies of any of Kathy Wise Designs patterns made and re-sell them or alter and resell them to others.

Q: How many copies of a copyrighted pattern can I have made?
You can have up to 10 copies made at a time. If you use the copy and paste method you will need 6 or more copies per project. You can not sell any of your pattern copies to others. Support your pattern designer! When you make a project, give the designer credit for furnishing the pattern. When someone asks about a pattern, tell them where you obtained it from, do not just give them a copy. When someone asks for a pattern on a web site, tell them where to get it, don't just give them the pattern.

Q. What kind of sander do you use to sand and shape the pieces?
A: I use my Pneumatic Drum Sander for 95% of all my sanding. Because it has an air filled bladder inside of a canvas sleeve covered by sand paper, it will give slightly when you push your wood against it.  This enables you far more control oversander shaping and is faster than a belt sander, oscillating sander and other sanding methods. I always use rubber finger tips to protect my fingers from being sanded as well. My sander has two drums. I put 120 grit sandpaper on the bigger 8" drum to remove wood quickly. The other drum is 2” and I have 180 to 220 grit on it to remove the rougher scratches and put a nice finish on the pieces. I will sand pieces as small as 1/4" by 1/4" by using pliers or tweezers to hold the pieces. For inside or hard to reach edges I will use an air grinder or Dremel tool with a 1/4" or 1/2" sanding band (drum). It puts a nice smooth finish on the wood before I move on to the sanding mop. You can use any type of sander that you have, but the drum sander is the easiest.

sanding mopQ. What is a Sanding Mop and where can I get one?
A:  You can hand sand every piece or use a sanding Mop.  I love my sanding Mop; it saves so much time and works with so little effort. You get a beautiful polished finish in an instant. I have two mops mounted on a variable speed grinder. Variable speed is almost a must because some wood will burn at the higher rpms. I use the 120 grit mop first and then move on to the 220 grit. The rougher grit will take sharp edges off the wood which can save some sanding time.  One of the very best tools in my shop! Contact Klingspor at www.woodworkingshop.com to get one.

Q : What kind of Scroll Saw Blade do I use?
There are several different types of blades for the scroll saw. 
Reverse-tooth blades: 5 - 7 teeth at the bottom are reversed and leave a clean edge on the bottom of your piece.
Skip- tooth blades; every other tooth is eliminated, helps to remove the chips more effectively.
Regular-tooth blades: teeth are all in the same direction, will leave a burr on the bottom.
Use a #3  or smaller blade for pieces with sharp turns or small details and for soft or thin wood. .  Use it for cutting larger sections into smaller pieces, it will have a smaller kerf (amount of material that is cut away) and your pieces will fit together better.  Use a #5 or #7 for harder / thicker wood and for cutting outside edges (edges that will not be fitted next to another piece). Your best bet is to get a large variety of different sizes and types and try them out on your wood.  Every intarsia artist has a favorite blade.  I like the polar skip-tooth blades for their ease of cutting through hard thick woods, but I will switch to a reverse-tooth blade for luan , fretwork or thin wood stock. Go to  Flying Dutchman to buy these great blades.